ABU Journal, Department Of Public Administration
Volume No: 3|
UNDERSTANDING GENDER INEQUALITY AND ITS RAMIFICATIONS IN GLOBAL AND AFRICAN CONTEXTS
DR. YEMISI IBIWUNMI OGUNLELA,
NATIONAL OPEN UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA LAGOS, NIGERIA
Gender inequality is probably one of the most debated issues in recent times thus making it a topic of discourse globally. This attests to the fact that societies in both developed and developing worlds have this issue to contend with. However, the practice of gender inequality is more prevalent in lesser developed countries. Apart from gender inequality being difficult to define, its causes are as varied as they are many. As a result of the many socio-cultural factors associated with gender inequality, culture plays a dominant role in the African society. Barriers that lead to gender inequality are now being overcome in various societies thus allowing women to hold important positions in various segments of the society. Several negative consequences of gender inequality have been identified and these justify the need for eradication so that national development may not be hindered. The Millennium Development Goal No. 3, which is the bedrock of gender equality, is closely linked to the National Gender Policy that is now in place in Nigeria. Also discussed in this paper are the various perspectives of gender inequality and the way forward. In spite of the significant strides already made, many countries still lag behind in the actualization of gender equality.
Gender inequality has been identified as a problem confronting Nigeria and a number of strategies that can enable her achieve the MDG Number 3, which is empowering the women for better development of the country, has been suggested. It can be expected that the problems of gender inequality facing the country can largely be tackled by the adoption of the educational strategies towards achieving the MDGs. Such educational strategies must provide opportunities for the under-privileged and vulnerable women who are not able to enroll into the formal school system.