ABU Journal, Department Of Public Administration
Volume No: 3|
IMPERATIVE OF PEACE IN THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT OF NIGERIA
DR. DANJOS DENIS DALHATU
&NBSP;DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA
Peace is an essential requirement for any meaningful socio-economic development in all societies, Nigeria inclusive. This is because a peaceful society is a society that justice, equality and pursuit of the welfare and happiness of the large number of people becomes the order of the day. But alas! Peace has eluded Nigeria in view of the number of conflicts and insecurity problems the country is faced with such as Boko Haram insurgency, unknown gunmen attacks, kidnapping and armed robbery. These are inimical to peace and. development. The paper relying heavily on content analysis discussed the approaches to peace, causes of lack of peace and the challenges of peace on Nigeria’s socio-economic development. The study found out that conflicts, poverty, unemployment, lack of tolerance, corruption, decayed of infrastructure, resource control and revenue allocation, marginalization, bad leadership among others as reasons threatening the peaceful co-existence in Nigeria. It is against this background the paper recommended that, there should be good leadership, high level tolerance and peaceful coexistence, sensitization of people on the need for peaceful co-existence and mutual respect, good leadership, poverty eradication and generation of employment opportunities, if there is to be peace and socio-economic development in Nigeria. Anything less than these will only be a mirage.
Peace is a crucial requirement for any meaningful development. This is based on the fact that peace is about being non-violent, being tolerant and accommodating, respecting the views of other people among others. Formulation and implementation of policies and programmes that are people’s oriented for the purpose of development is not possible in mist of acrimony and violence. Therefore, what is happening in the North East, Niger Delta., Middle belt are all inimical to development because of the destruction of lives and property these conflicts have caused. Life has been made difficult because of the insecurity that has characterized the country. It is for these reasons, the paper recommends, the following measures for peace to be guaranteed in Nigeria so as to be able to forge ahead:
i. There should be good leadership at all the levels of government in Nigeria that can transform the God given resources meaningfully in improving the lives of Nigerians. Good leadership that is accountable and transparent can make people the centre of development. Leadership that is responsive and responsible. With good leadership the problems of unemployment, poverty and underdevelopment will be a thing of the past, considering the enormous resources the country is blessed with.