ABU Journal, Department Of Public Administration
Volume No: 3|
EFFECT OF ECOLOGICAL FACTORS ON THE EFFECTIVE ADMINISTRATION OF PUBLIC SECTOR ORGANIZATIONS AND DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA
DR. ADAGBA, ONAH SUNDAY
DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE, FACULTY OF HUMANITIES, MANAGEMENT AND SOCIAL SCIENCES, FEDERAL UNIVERSITY, WUKARI, P.M.B 1020, WUKARI &NDASH; NIGERIA.
In much of the developing world, and certainly in Nigeria, the traditional western colonial concept of limiting the role of government largely to that of maintaining law and order, has been set aside and replaced with the image of Government which gives adequate attention and efforts not only to the need for peace, but also to the requirements of a better living standard for its people. This paper attempts at examining some of the ecological factors that impinge on the effective administration of public sector organizations that are charged with the responsibilities of delivering quality goods and services, maintaining law and order, and at the same time expected to be innovative and change oriented. The data for this study are largely secondary, collaborated with experiences of various scholars in the field of public administration. It is concluded therefore, that for public sector organizations to be innovative, development oriented, change-conscious and modern, Government at all levels must deliberately and consciously limit the emphasis on socio-cultural, political, economic and administrative cleavages that impinge (albeit negatively) on the effective administration of these organizations. This can be achieved through continuous and periodic re-examination and reforms in political, economic, administrative and legal systems so as to provide the requisite environments for the needed development to take place.
Innovation at individual or organizational level is both a product of the society we live in and a determinant of the environment. It is a sine qua non for a society in search of rapid socio-economic transformation. Because in Nigeria, government is the prime mover of national development process, and the public sector organizations are central to governmental efforts in that direction, innovation in the sector becomes an important determining factor in the ability of government to serve as an effective agent of change, modernization and development. The ability or capacity for innovation depends on various conditions relating to socio-cultural, political, economic and administrative environments; the structure and operational situations of the organizations, the attitudes and orientation of the personnel within the organizations.
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