ABU Journal, Department Of Public Administration
Volume No: 3|
GLOBALISATION AND PARADIGM SHIFT IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION
1-DR. USMAN ALHAJI TAR 2-AUWALU MUSA 3-YUSUF A. MANU GELLA
1-DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND DEFENCE STUDIES,NIGERIAN DEFENC ACADEMY(NDA) KADUNA, NIGERIA.
2-WURO-HARDE PRIMARY SCHOOL, MUBI-NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT EDUCATION AUTHORITY MUBI-NORTH, ADAMAWA STATE, NIGERIA.
3-DEPARTMENT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE AND PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION, ADAMAWA STATE UNIVERSITY, MUBI-NIGERIA
With the shifting trends in global capitalism, management (manager) appears to have overshadowed administration (administrator), particularly in the framework of corporatisation of work space. This reality has found resonance not only among global businesses, but in local public organizations. This perception creates conflicting tendencies between those who are trained in public administration versus business management. This situation creates conflict between who would be regarded as a manager or an administrator in an organisation thereby affecting the realisation of organisational goals and objectives of the civil service and then impacting negatively on governance and development. This paper examines, in the light of globalisation, the changing discursive contours of, and line of distinction between, Administration and Management with emphasis on historical and contemporary trends. The methodology used in this work are content analysis and a critique of textual and experiential discourses of experts and practitioners of public sector governance in Nigeria and elsewhere. The paper reveals that the functions of both management and administration are geared towards achievement of organisational objectives. Though management and administration may be intrinsically interrelated, the paper reveals that there are variations: while administration is usually regarded as service-oriented and depends on common pool resource to carry out its functions; management is profit-oriented and uses private resources to maximise profit. The paper further notes that administration is conservative and ideological in orientation, while management is seen as a progressive emphasizing entrepreneurship and creativity. The paper recommends a synergy of praxis that will integrate or assign distinct but complementary roles and functions for both managers and administrators.
The paper examined the impact of globalisation and, in particular, the rise of global capitalism, on perceptions and practice of administration and management. The paper reveals the line of distinction between Administration and Management with emphasis on the overview of the concepts and Functions, in the light of current paradigm shifts. It is argued that the conflicting functions have a negative impact on the smooth conduct of the civil service, which is invariably affecting national development. It is the submission of this paper that the government at the highest level must strive to solve this intractable problem for the benefit of all Nigerians. In sum, the goal of both management and administration is towards effective service delivery.