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Nigeria Journal for Engineering
The significance of human resources to the success of organizations cannot be over emphasized, organizations should therefore not only recruit satisfied, competent and dedicated employees, but must also create conducive atmosphere for them to put in their best to their success and maintain their membership in them. Universities as human capital development institutions need to have a satisfied workforce, that will, in turn facilitate the achievement of their objectives. Over the years however, absence of job satisfaction among academic staff has led to extensive labour turnover or brain drain in the University system. This study has found out that financial reward and benefits, promotion opportunities are the most important determinants of or precursors to job satisfaction. Universities however need to be adequately funded to facilitate the satisfaction of these facets. Funding has remained one of the most persistent and vexing issues in ASUU –Federal Government relations over the years and has resulted into a number of strike actions by the academic staff as is currently being experienced, previous strike actions were witnessed in 1992, 1993, 1995, 1998, 2001 and 2003. Under-funding has resulted in inadequate staffing, inadequate facilities, deteriorating infrastructures, expression of dissatisfaction of staff through strike actions, reduction of time used in academic pursuit, lowering of academic ability of students and declining motivation of staff resulting in brain drain (Ajayi, 1999: 22).
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