ABU Journal, Department Of Public Administration
Volume No: 2|
A CRITICAL STUDY OF IBRAHIM INDEX OF AFRICAN GOVERNANCE ON GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA
1.DR MUSA IDRIS, FCIA 2.TIJJANIALIYUADAMU
DEPARTMENT OF PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION,&NBSP;FACULTY OF ADMINISTRATION,&NBSP;AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA
The Nigerian state is in contract with the citizens as enshrined in the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 to primarily maintain law and order and ensure the security and welfare of the people. Others include the protection of human rights, create sustainable economic opportunities and promoting human development. However, it is through governance that the will of the state is expressed and realised. In pursuance of this, the government of Nigeria over the years established institutions and enacted laws aimed at ensuring good governance. In spite of the efforts there have been increasing incidence of armed robbery, kidnapping and extreme violence. The rate of corruption and poverty has been on the rise while the infrastructure is deteriorating. The objective of this study is to make an analysis of the state of governance in Nigeria from 2000 – 2011. The research design was content analysis of data from the Mo Ibrahim Foundation. This was presented in tables using averages and percentages for analyses. The study established that the Nigerian state performed poorly in providing security to the citizens (16.7%), infrastructure (9.1%), health care (36.8%) and 29.3% in accountability. Nigeria however, performed moderately (52.8%) in public management, 46.5% in maintaining rules of law and 40.1% citizen participation. the country ranked far behind Egypt, Ghana and South-Africa in all the indicators of the quality of governance in Africa from 2000 – 2011. The study concludes that the quality of governance has been poor for the period 2000 – 2011. The study among others recommends for holistic approach to governance by embracing all the components especially security of the citizens, provision of infrastructure and health care service delivery.
From the data presented in tables 1 – 6 and analysed, the study concludes that the quality of governance in Nigeria for the period 2000 – 2011 has been very poor-particularly in ensuring the safety of the citizenry, accountability, provision of infrastructure, gender and health care service delivery. The country’s scores in ensuring national security and public management were fair Nigeria’s scores in most of the sub-categories were below the corresponding African averages. The country’s average score in governance for the twelve years was 41.1% which is near failure.