NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY PUBLIC POLICY
Volume No: 10|
Page No: 3
| FullText PDF
Title: IS CHILD LABOUR A MEANS OF POVERTY REDUCTION? A MICRO EVIDENCE FROM THREE STATES OF NIGERIA
1-SALAMATU IDRIS ISAH&NBSP; AND&NBSP;2-RAHANATU LAWAL&NBSP;
1-DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA,&NBSP; KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, WEST AFRICA&NBSP;
2-DEPARTMENT, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA,&NBSP; KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA, WEST AFRICA
The paper assesses the policy implication of the existence of Girl-child labour in three States of Nigeria. Using the simple random sampling technique, a sample of 300 respondents was drawn from the States. A total of 100 questionnaires were administered in each of the state to households with girl-child house-help. The evidence from the statistical result showed an existence of girl-child labour, with majority of them between the age of 10years and 16years, mostly orphans who had no formal education. The remittances from this form of labour were mostly to compliment the income of parents whom are termed poor by the child and to save for future marriage expenses. The paper also revealed that the wages paid to the children are very low (insignificant in reducing poverty level), because the price set is not determined by market forces since the girl-child labour is a non-tradable good (existing barrier of laws on human traffickers) exploit by self-interest parents and potential employers. Hence, the policy implication of these findings shows the existing child labour in these States is an exploitable market which serves as a cover up for cheap labour and child exploitation and not as a means of poverty reducing strategy. s is an exploitable market which serves as a cover up for cheap labour and child exploitation and not as a means of poverty reducing strategy.
The result above confirmed the existence of Girl – child labour in the three states, especially in Kano and Kaduna state. The result also shows that majority of the child- labourers earn less than $2.00 per day in the location studied. The prices are not market driven, the decision on what to charge is based on the location and how best the guardian, the child and employers can charge. Thus, child –labour is not a means of reducing poverty but a survival strategy to reduce economic hardship by way of supplementing parents income.