NIGERIAN JOURNAL OF CONTEMPORARY PUBLIC POLICY
Volume No: 10|
Page No: 1
| FullText PDF
Title: ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC ATTRIBUTES AND CLIMATE CHANGE COPING STRATEGIES NEXUS AMONG CROP FARMERS
1-YUSUF, OSENI AND 2-ABDULMALIK MOHAMMED YUSUF&NBSP;
1-DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE/INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA.&NBSP;&NBSP;
2-DEPARTMENT OF ECONOMICS, FACULTY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA, NIGERIA.&NBSP;
The study described the socio-economic characteristics of crop farmers in Kaduna State, the climate change coping strategies adopted by crop farmers as well as the relationship between socio-economic attributes and climate change coping strategies adopted by the crop farmers. A multistage sampling technique was employed in selecting two hundred and fourty (240) crop farmers from the four ADP Operational Zones of the state, namely Maigana, Birnin Gwari, Lere and Samaru Kataf ADP Zones. Primary data were generated from farming household heads through structured questionnaire based on 2012 cropping season. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics and multinomial logit regression model. The study revealed that about 63% of the farmers were within the ages of 21 - 40 years and 61% had both primary and secondary education. About 8% of the farmers had no access to credit while about 86% of the farmers received between ₦20,000 and ₦60,000 as credit while 80% of the farmers received extension visits 1 – 3 times per year. The mean years of experience in farming was 14 years and years spent in cooperatives was 8 years on the average. Mixed cropping, changing crop varieties, early planting, use of early maturing varieties, changing planting dates and diversifying into animal production were some of the climate change coping strategies adopted by farmers in the study area. The result of the multinomial logit regression model revealed that age (0.05), years of education (0.01), amount of credit received (0.01), extension visits (0.01) and years spent in cooperatives (0.01) had significant relationship with climate change coping strategies adopted by crop farmers. Thus, there is significant relationship between socio-economic attributes and climate change coping strategies adopted by farmers. Hence, development of strategies to cope with climate change is crucial in reducing food insecurity in Kaduna State. It was therefore recommended that as 20% of the farmers did not receive extension visit and 55% only received extension visits once a year, the ADPs should improve on the number of extension staff so that extension agents could visit farmers at least three times a year. Also about 45% of the farmers did not belong to any cooperative, therefore, all arms of governments and ADPs should encourage the farmers to form cooperatives and pull their resources together to assist them in the purchase of farm inputs to enhance their productivity.
The study concludes that there is significant relationship between socio-economic attributes and climate change coping strategies adopted by farmers in Kaduna State. However, farmers’ adaptation to climate change is crucial in reducing food insecurity and poverty in Kaduna state. Based on these findings, the following recommendations were made:
1. Since 20% of the farmers did not receive extension visit and 55% only received extension visits once a year, this study recommends the number of ADP extension staff should be increased so that extension staff visit to farmers could be at least three times a year. This will provide effective extension visits to farmers so as to give advice on different ways to cope with climate change.
Variables Coefficient (γ) Standard error (SE) t value (γ/SE) Constant 0.7421 0.2145 3.459 Age (X1) -0.0594** 0.0285 -2.0830 Years of education (X2) 0.054*** 0.0107 5.0467 Household size (X3) 0.0264 0.0309 0.854 Amt. of credit received (X4) 0.1410*** 0.0405 3.481 Extension visits (X5) 0.342*** 0.177 4.441 Years of experience (X6) 0.007 0.0204 0.391 Years spent in cooperatives (X7) 0.637*** 0.145 4.393 Log-Likelihood = -128.68 Chi square = 70.21** McFadden Pseudo R2 = 0.08
2. Also, about 45% of the farmers did not belong to any cooperative. Hence, this study recommends that all arms of government and ADPs should encourage the farmers to form cooperatives and pull their resources together to assist them in the purchase of farm inputs to enhance their productivity.