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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2016|   Volume No: 7|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  Socio-Economic Determinants of Extent of Women Involvement in Crop Production in Kaduna State, Nigeria
H. Shuaibu , S. Umar and F. J. Yelwa

1DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY/INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, ZARIA, NIGERIA. 2DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE, USMANU DANFODIYO UNIVERSITY, SOKOTO, NIGERIA.

ABSTRACT

Agriculture is underperforming in many countries in part because women, who are often a crucial resource in agriculture and the rural economy, face constraints that reduce their productivity.Rural women play a very important part in the highly labour intensive production process, but within confines of their households. The study examined factors determining women involvement in crop production in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A multi-stage random sampling technique was used to select two Local Government Areas from the State, two districts from each LGA and three villages from each district and 20 women from each village to give a total of 240 respondents. Data were collected with help of questionnaire administered to the respondents. Descriptive statistics, participation index and multiple regression were used to analyse the data. Results revealed that maize, sorghum and cowpea were the major crops the women participated in and grand participation index of M=1.4279 indicated moderate involvement in crop production by the women. Results of regression analysis showed that household size (beta = -0.008, p<0.05), years of experience (beta = 0.008, p<0.1), access to credit (beta = -0.116, p<0.05), number of extension visits (beta = 0.077, p<0.1), annual income (beta = 4.503E-007, p<0.05) and ownership structure of the enterprise (beta = 0.155, p<0.01) significantly influence extent of women involvement in crop production. Recommendations made to improve crop production in the area include: more female extension workers should be trained to help rural women; women are advised to form groups and cooperatives so as to have access to cheaper farm inputs and credit.

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