Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education
Volume No: 7|
ISSN: 0794 – 7860|
| FullText PDF
Title: Socio-Economic Determinants of Extent of Women Involvement in Crop
Production in Kaduna State, Nigeria
, S. Umar
and F. J. Yelwa
1DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY, FACULTY OF AGRICULTURE,
AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY/INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, ZARIA, NIGERIA.
2DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND RURAL DEVELOPMENT, FACULTY OF
AGRICULTURE, USMANU DANFODIYO UNIVERSITY, SOKOTO, NIGERIA.
Agriculture is underperforming in many countries in part because women, who are
often a crucial resource in agriculture and the rural economy, face constraints that reduce
their productivity.Rural women play a very important part in the highly labour intensive
production process, but within confines of their households. The study examined factors
determining women involvement in crop production in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A multi-stage
random sampling technique was used to select two Local Government Areas from the State,
two districts from each LGA and three villages from each district and 20 women from each
village to give a total of 240 respondents. Data were collected with help of questionnaire
administered to the respondents. Descriptive statistics, participation index and multiple
regression were used to analyse the data. Results revealed that maize, sorghum and cowpea
were the major crops the women participated in and grand participation index of M=1.4279
indicated moderate involvement in crop production by the women. Results of regression
analysis showed that household size (beta = -0.008, p<0.05), years of experience (beta = 0.008,
p<0.1), access to credit (beta = -0.116, p<0.05), number of extension visits (beta = 0.077, p<0.1),
annual income (beta = 4.503E-007, p<0.05) and ownership structure of the enterprise (beta =
0.155, p<0.01) significantly influence extent of women involvement in crop production.
Recommendations made to improve crop production in the area include: more female
extension workers should be trained to help rural women; women are advised to form groups
and cooperatives so as to have access to cheaper farm inputs and credit.