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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2016|   Volume No: 7|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  Incidence of Anaemia in Endoparasite Infected Pregnant Ewes and Does in Institutional and Fulani Farms in Mando, Kaduna State
R.Z Usman and B.M Mustapha

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL SCIENCE, DIVISION OF AGRICULTURAL COLLEGE, A.B.U, ZARIA

ABSTRACT

Anemia in pregnant animals is a global health challenge in animal production, an important contributor to mortality, pre-term abortion and low birth weight. Determining the causes and incidence of anemia in pregnant ewes and does was by use of physical parameters such as pregnancy, clinical signs, feacal egg count (FEC), blood parasite detection by thin blood smearing and haematological parameters like packed cell volume (PCV) and haemoglobin counts (HB)g/dl. PCV and HB concentration less than 24 % and 8 g/dl respectively was considered anemia. Prevalence of helminth eggs and coccidial oocysts were 78 % and 50 % for doe and ewes respectively with doe having the highest occurrence while the total prevalence was 64 %. The highest infestation was by a mixed infection of strongyles eggs and coccidial oocyst 28(14 %) followed by coccidial oocyst only 27 (13.5 %) The prevalence of protozoans were 6(25 %) in ewe and 11(44 %) in doe. Anaplasma was the highest occurring protozoan parasite affecting 8(32 %) of the animals .Thirteen (26 %) of the animals were anemic as a result of parasites while only 3(6%) were anemic without parasites. An association between anaemia and the parasites exist. Prevention of anaemia is by parasite control through routine deworming and ectoparasiticidal measures.

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