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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2016|   Volume No: 7|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  Socio-Economic Analysis of Sesame Production in Some Selected Local Government Areas of Jigawa State, Nigeria
S.A Makama, Z. Abdu, I.M Ahmad and I . Saleh

AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION DEPARTMENT, NAERLS/ABU ZARIA. DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND EXTENSION, BAYERO UNIVERSITY KANO.

ABSTRACT

The study analyzed the socio-economic as well as costs and returns among sesame farmers in Jigawa State of Nigeria. It aims at describing the socio-economic characteristic of the farmers and determining the costs and returns in sesame production as well as the constraints associated with its production. Samples of 96 farmers were randomly selected from Taura, Mallam-Madori and Maigatari LGAs of Jigawa State.Primary data were collected through the use of structured questionnaire and were analysed using descriptive statistics and farm budgeting technique. The results of the analysis of socio-economic characteristics of the respondents revealed that 51.04 per cent of the respondents were within the age bracket of 39 to 58 years with mean age of 42.6 years. 92% were males, 92.71% were married, and 58.34 per cent of the respondents have western education while 38.54 per cent attended Quranic education.The average farm size is 1.28 hectares. Majority of the respondents (70.83%) have farming experience of between 6 to 20 years.Result further showed that labour cost accounted for 54.61 per cent of the total cost of production and the gross income per hectare was found to be N87, 402.40 with a gross margin of N57, 541.80 and on each naira invested there was a return of 0.93K. Therefore, the study concludes that sesame production in the study area is profitable and recommended that both government and non-governmental organizations give out less bureaucratic loans to the farmers and provide more extension activities to farmers in the area.

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