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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2018|   Volume No: 8|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  ANALYSIS OF RESOURCE PRODUCTIVITY AND PROFITABILITY IN SESAME PRODUCTION IN JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA

USMAN, S.

NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION AND RESEARCH LIAISON SERVICES (NAERLS), ABU, ZARIA

ABSTRACT

This paper analyses the resource productivity and profitability in sesame production in Jigawa State, Nigeria. The data used for the study were collected using a structured questionnaire from 120 sesame farmers selected through a multi-stage sampling procedure. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, farm budgeting technique and production function analysis. The results show that the average quantity of inputs used per hectare were 3.3 kg of seed, 25.4 kg of fertilizer, and 566.7 man-hour of human labour. The average yield was 510.2kg per hectare. The gross margin per hectare was N14,913.6, implying that sesame production is profitable. The Cobb-Douglas production function analysis reveals that the elasticities of sesame production with respect to farm size (0.435) and fertilizer (0.734) were significant at 1% level of significance while seed (0.202) was significant at 5% level of significance. Total output elasticity coefficient is 1.371, indicating an increasing return to scale in sesame production. It is recommended that farm inputs such as improved seed and fertilizer should be made available and affordable to farmers. Similarly, policy should be designed to provide labour saving technologies to sesame farmers. 

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