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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2018|   Volume No: 8|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  PROFITABILITY AND ENERGY USE PATTERN IN RICE PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGIES IN NORTH CENTRAL AND NORTH WESTERN NIGERIA

OLADIMEJI, YUSUF USMAN 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS, INSTITUTE FOR AGRICULTURAL RESEARCH, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, P.M. B. 1044, ZARIA, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

Efficient use of energies on crop production helps to achieve increased production and productivity as well as profitability and competitiveness of agricultural sustainability of rural communities. The study examined energy use pattern in rice production under two different technologies in two States of Nigeria. Primary data were generated through structured questionnaire and interview administered to 265 rice farmers comprising 57 semi-mechanized (Group 1) and 208 traditional (Group 2) rice farmers in both States. Results revealed that the semi-mechanized farmer had higher income of ₦370998.2 ($2348.1) per ha compared to ₦307031.1 ($1943.2) per ha from traditional technology. Group 1 farmers produced a total energy output 54842.8 MJ ha-1 (3.7 tons) compared to Group 2 farmers with energy output of 46601.9 MJha-1 (3.1 tons). Conversely, the energy use efficiency, energy productivity and net energy of traditional system indicate high energy use efficiency compared to that of semimechanized system. Findings also showed that non-renewable energy in semi-mechanized (72.1%) was high compared to that of traditional group (32.8%). This could be as a result of high usage of chemical fertilizer, herbicide, diesel and machinery. The result also revealed that rice production was driven by indirect energy in Group 1 (58%) and largely by direct energy in Group 2 (64.2%). Rice farmers are encouraged to shift to semi-mechanized farming for higher output and increase profitability. Semi-mechanized system should adopt more organic agriculture and soil conservation methods such as crop rotation, mixed cropping and inter cropping to maintain soil fertility and to manage pests and diseases. 

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