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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2016|   Volume No: 7|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 


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Title:  DETERMINANTS OF INCOME DIVERSIFICATION OF PUBLIC SERVANT HOUSEHOLDS TO AGRICULTURAL ACTIVITIES IN KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

*Y.U.OLADIMEJI, Z. ABDULSALAM, M.A.DAMISA, AND A.M1AJAO 

DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURAL ECONOMICS AND RURAL SOCIOLOGY, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, P.M.B. 1044, ZARIA, NIGERIA

1DEPARTMENT OF BIOSCIENCE AND BIOTECHNOLOGY, KWARA STATE UNIVERSITY, MALETE, P.M.B. 1530, ILORIN, NIGERIA

ABSTRACT

The diversity of urban livelihoods towards agriculture in Nigeria has not been given adequate attention and, globally,most studies dwelled on rural livelihood diversification.This paper examine the factors that influence livelihood diversifications among public servant households to agricultural production activities, and the extent it has assuaged their economic hardship. Primary data were generated through random sampling of 240 respondents from eight Local Government Areas in Kwara State, Nigeria, through afield survey.Data collected were analyzed using Shannon Equitability Index (SEI) and Tobit regression analysis.The SEI revealed that government emoluments contributed 70.5% of total household income and 29.5%stemmed from agricultural activities. About 33% of income diversification originated from poultry production while fish farming and crop production accounted for 29% and 19% respectively. The determinants of income diversification using tobit model showed that household size (p<0.05), education (p<0.05), credit (p<0.01) and household expenditure (p<0.01) were the significant socio-economic factors. However, using SEI,education (p<0.01), credit (p<0.01),labour (p<0.01) and access to wage (p<0.01) were determinants of diversity of income source among public servants. It was recommended that urban farming households should form a formidable social organization to benefit from economy of bulk purchase of farm inputs, farm advisory services and access to modern farming techniques.

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