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Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education

Year: 2017|   Volume No: 7|   ISSN: 0794 – 7860|   Page No: 121


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Title:  INFLUENCE OF MANURE AND STAND SPACING ON RICE PERFORMANCE UNDER SYSTEM OF RICE INTENSIFICATION (SRI) IN THE SUDANSAVANNAH OF NIGERIA

AHMADU I.S.1 , RILWANU, Y.A.2 , BABAJI, B.A.2 AND E.C ODION2 .

COLLEGE OF AGRICULTURE AND ANIMAL SCIENCE, DAC/ABU, MANDO KADUNA1 ,

DEPARTMENT OF AGRONOMY, AHMADU BELLO UNIVERSITY, ZARIA2 . 

ABSTRACT

A field trial was carried out in 2015 at the Irrigation Station of the Institute for Agricultural Research (IAR) Kadawa, in the Sudan Savannah, to investigate the influence of incorporation of two types of green manures (GM) Cowpeafodder (CP fodder) and Soyabeafodder (SB fodder), two rates of poultry manure (pm) (4.8 and 9.6kgha-1 ) and three intra-row spacing {20,25 and 30cm) on the growth, yield attributes and yield of rice, using the system of rice intensification. The treatments consisted of 6 manures treatments (untreated control, 6tPM, CPfodder alone, CP fodder + 3tPM, SB fodder above and SB fodder + 3tPM and 3 intra-row spacing as specified above combined and laid out in RCBD with four replicates. Rice production was best with application of 6tPM and the later exceeded the SB fodder + 3tPM, CPfodder+3tPM, SB fodder alone by 28.8% and the control in grain productionby 5.9, 12.9, 14.7, 28.8 and 53.1% respectively. The increased grain production was predicated on the improved number of tillers per hill and the plant dry weight produced at the 6tPM application. The spacing used were similar in yield and growth attributes though there was-slight improvement with the wider spacing. Improvement in the productivity of rice and perhaps the sustainability are therefore possible under effective water and crop management as well as the use of organic fertilizer under the influence of optimal soil’s physical, chemical and biological properties.

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