Samaru Journal Of Agricultural Education
Volume No: 7|
ISSN: 0794 – 7860|
Page No: 83
| FullText PDF
Title: SURVEY FOR GASTROINTESTINAL PARASITES OF LOCAL CHICKENS AND BROILERS SOLD WITHIN KADUNA METROPOLIS KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA.
YAYOCK, H. C; AUTA, I.K AND DAMINA, J. R.
FACULTY OF SCIENCE, DEPARTMENT OF BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES, KADUNA STATE UNIVERSITY.
This study was conducted to determine the infection of gastro-intestinal helminthes of local and broiler chickens sold at Abubakar Gumi Market, Unguwan Rimi market, Sabon tasha market and Station round about market within Kaduna metropolis, between February 2015 to June 2015 using the floatation and sedimentation methods. The gastrointestinal tracts of 104 local chicken and broilers chickens sold at the four mentioned markets above within Kaduna metropolis were examined for helminth parasites. A total of 62 birds were infected with various species of gastrointestinal parasites representing 59.6% of the study population. The parasites comprised of one species of protozoa and three species each of nematodes and cestodes. The cestodes include Raillietina tetragona, 7(9.6%), Raillietina echinobothrida, 5(6.8%), and Hymenolepis carioca, 9(12.3%) The nematodes includes Ascaridia galli, 16(21.9%), Heterakis gallinarum, 11(15.1%), Echinuria eggs, 4(5.5%). The sole species of protozoan parasite was Eimeria spp oocyst, 21(28.8%). Hymenolepis carioca was the most abundant cestode parasite while Ascaridia galli was the most abundant Nematode parasite recovered from the local chickens. No single Trematode parasite was recovered. There was no statistically significant difference (p<0.05) in the infection rate of broiler chickens; while infection rate in local breed was highly significant (p>0.05) between the markets amongst the four markets. The species composition in both local and broiler chickens encountered were the same; however semi-intensive management of local chicken be adopted to reduce infection rates.